Journal Articles

Malin, H., Liauw, I., and Damon, W. (2017). Purpose and character development in early adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. DOI 10.1007/s10964-017-0642-3
Callina, K.S., Ryan, D., Murray, E. D., Colby, A., Damon, W., Matthews, M. & Lerner, R. M. (2017). Developing leaders of character at the United States Military Academy: A relational developmental systems analysis. Journal of College and Character 18(1), 9-27. DOI:
Malin, H., Han, H., and Liauw, I. (2017). Civic purpose in late adolescence: Factors that prevent decline in civic engagement after high school. Developmental Psychology. DOI:
Han, H., Chen, J., Jeong, C., & Glover, G.H. (2016). Influence of the cortical midline structures on moral emotion and motivation in moral decision-making. Behavioural Brain Research, 302, 237-251. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2016.01.001
Han, H. (2016). How can neuroscience contribute to moral philosophy, psychology and education based on Aristotelian virtue ethics? International Journal of Ethics Education (online). DOI:10.1007/s40889-016-0016-9
Moran, S. (2016). What Do Teachers Think about Youth Purpose? Journal of Education for Teaching (42)5. DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2016.1226556
Kuusisto, E., Gholami, K. & Tirri, K. (2016 ). Finnish and Iranian teachers’ views on their competence to teach purpose. Journal of Education for Teaching 42(5). DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2016.1226553
Tirri, K., Moran, S. & Mariano, J. (2016). Education for purposeful teaching around the world. Journal of Education for Teaching 42(5). DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2016.1226551
Tirri, K. & Kuusisto, E. (2016). Finnish student teachers’ perceptions on the role of purpose in teaching. Journal of Education for Teaching 42(5). DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2016.1226552
Araujo, U. F., Arantes, V. A., Danza, H. C., Pinheiro, V. P. G. & Garbin, M (2016). Principles and methods to guide education for purpose: a Brazilian experience. Journal of Education for Teaching 42(5). DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2016.1226554
Jiang, F., Lin, S., & Mariano, J. M. (2016). The influence of Chinese college teachers’ competence for purpose support on students’ purpose development. Journal of Education for Teaching 42(5). DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2016.1226555
Quinn, Brandy P. (2016). Learning from the wisdom of practice: teachers’ educational purposes as pathways to supporting adolescent purpose in secondary classrooms. Journal of Education for Teaching 42(5). DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2016.1226557
Ballard, P. J., Malin, H., Porter, T., Colby, A., & Damon, W. (2015, Published online 02 Apr). Motivations for civic participation among diverse youth: More similarities than differences. Research in Human Development, 12(1-2), 63-83. DOI: 10.1080/15427609.2015.1010348
Ballard, P.J., Pavlova, M.K., Silbereisen, R.K. & Damon, W. (2015, Published online 02 Apr). Diverse routes to civic participation across ages and cultures: An introduction. Research in Human Development, 12(1-2), 1-9. DOI: 10.1080/15427609.2015.1010341
Malin, H. (2015). Arts Participation as a Context for Youth Purpose. Studies in Art Education, 56(3), 268-280. DOI: 10.1080/00393541.2015.11518968
Han, H. (2015). Virtue Ethics, Positive Psychology, and a New Model of Science and Engineering Ethics Education. Science and Engineering Ethics, 21(2), 441-460. DOI: 10.1007/s11948-014-959-7
Malin, H., Tirri, K., & Liauw, I. (2015). Adolescent moral motivations for civic engagement: Clues to the political gender gap? Journal of Moral Education 44(1), 34-50. DOI: 10.1080/03057240.2015.1014324
Ballard, P.J., Caccavale, L., & Buchanan, C.M. (2015). Civic orientation in cultures of privilege: What role do schools play? Youth & Society, 47(1), 70-94. DOI: 10.1177/0044118X14538464
Malin, H., Ballard, P. J., & Damon, W. (2015). Civic purpose: An integrated construct for understanding civic development in adolescence. Human Development 58(2), 103-130. DOI:10.1159/000381655.
Han, H. (2015). Purpose as a Moral Virtue for Flourishing. Journal of Moral Education, 44(3), 291-309. DOI: 10.1080/03057240.2015.1040383
Köse, Tuba Çengelci (2015). Character Education of Adolescents: A Case Study of a Research Center. Education and Science, 40(179), 295-306. DOI: 10.15390/EB.2015.2648
Araújo, U. F.; Arantes, V. A.; Klein, A. M.; & Grandino, P. J. (2014, January-April). Youth purpose and life goals of students engaged in community and social activities. Revista Internacional d'Humanitats, 30, p. 119-128.
Moran, S. (2014 ). What “purpose” means to youth: Are there cultures of purpose? Applied Developmental Science, 18(3), 1-13. Preview Full text HTML PDF Access options DOI: 10.1080/10888691.2014.924359
Han, H., & Jeong, C. (2014). Improving Epistemological Beliefs and Moral Judgment through an STS-Based Science Ethics Education Program. Science and Engineering Ethics 20(1), 197-220. DOI: 10.1007/s11948-013-9429-4.
Bundick, M., & Tirri, K. (2014). Student perceptions of teacher support and competencies for fostering youth purpose and positive youth development: Perspectives from two countries. Applied Developmental Science (18)3, 148-162. DOI: 10.1080/10888691.2014.924357
Malin, H., Reilly, T. S., Quinn, B., and Moran, S. (2014). Adolescent purpose development: Exploring empathy, discovering roles, shifting priorities, and creating pathways. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 24(1), 186–199. DOI: 10.1111/jora.12051
Han, H., Glover, G. H., & Jeong, C. (2014). Cultural Influences on the Neural Correlate of Moral Decision Making Processes. Behavioural Brain Research, 259, 215-228. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbr.2013.11.012
Ballard, P. J. (2014). What Motivates Youth Civic Involvement? Journal of Adolescent Research (available online) 29 (4), 439-464. DOI: 10.1177/0743558413520224
Geldhof, G. J., Porter, T., Weiner, M., Malin, H., Bronk, K., Agans, J., Mueller, M. K., Damon, W., & Lerner, R. M. (2014). Fostering youth entrepreneurship: Preliminary findings from the Young Entrepreneurs Study. Journal of Research on Adolescence 24(3) 431–446. DOI 10.1111/jora.12086
Geldhof, J., Malin, H., Johnson, S. K., Porter, T., Bronk, K. C., Weiner, M. B., Agans, J. P., Mueller, M. K., Hunt, D., Colby, A., Lerner, R., & Damon, W. (2014). Entrepreneurship in young adults: Initial findings from the Young Entrepreneurs Study. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology (35)5 410-421. DOI: 10.1016/j.appdev.2014.07.003.
Moran, S., Bundick, M., Malin, H., & Reilly, T. (2013). How supportive of their specific purposes do youth believe their family and friends are? Journal of Adolescent Research, 28(3), 348-377. DOI: 10.1177/0743558412457816
Jeong, C. and Han, H. (2013). Exploring the relationship between virtue ethics and moral identity. Ethics & Behavior, 23(1), 44-56. DOI: 10.1080/10508422.2012.714245
Porter, T. (2013). Moral & political identity, and civic engagement in adolescents. Journal of Moral Education. DOI: 10.1080/03057240.2012.761133
Barber, C., Mueller, C. T., and Ogata, S. (2013). Volunteerism as purpose: Examining the long-term predictors of continued community engagement. Educational Psychology (online): An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology, DOI: 10.1080/01443410.2013.772775
Miller, A. (2013). For Basketball Court and Company Cubicle: New Expectations for University Athletes and Corporate Employees in Japan. Japanese Studies, 33:1, 63-81. DOI: 10.1080/10371397.2013.785627.
Yeager, D.S., Bundick, M.J. & Johnson, R. (2012, available online). The role of future work goal motives in adolescent identity development: A longitudinal mixed-methods investigation. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 37(3), 206–217.
Quinn, B. (2012, available online). Other-oriented purpose: The potential roles of beliefs about the world and other people. Youth & Society. DOI: 10.1177/0044118X12452435.
Han, H. (2012). Book review-Lost in transition: The dark side of emerging adulthood. Journal of Moral Education, 41(1), 145-147.
Damon, William (2012). Failing Liberty 101. Educational Leadership 69(7), 22-28.
Jahromi, P., Crocetti, E., and Buchanan, C. (2012). A cross-cultural examination of adolescent civic engagement: Comparing Italian and American community-oriented and political involvement. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, 40:1, 22-36. DOI: 10.1080/10852352.2012.633065
Crocetti, E., Jahromi, P., and Meeus, W. (2012). Identity and civic engagement in adolescence. Journal of Adolescence 35(3):521-32. DOI:10.1016/j.adolescence.2011.08.003
Mariano, J. M., & Vaillant, G. E. (2012). Youth purpose among the “greatest generation.” Journal of Positive Psychology, 7(4), 281-293. DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2012.686624
Lerner, R., and Damon, W. (2012). Entrepreneurship in adolescence: A relational developmental systems approach. International Journal of Developmental Science, 6:3, 15-34. DOI: 10.3233/DEV-2012-12107
Tirri, K. & Ubani, M. (2012). Education of Finnish Student Teachers for Purposeful Teaching. The Journal for the Education of Teaching 38(5). DOI: 10.1080/02607476.2012.733188
Yeager, D.S., Trzesniewski, K., Tirri, K., Nokelainen, P. and Dweck, C. (2011). Adolescents’ implicit theories predict desire for vengeance after remembered and hypothetical peer conflicts: Correlational and experimental evidence. Developmental Psychology, 47(4), 1090-1107.
Malin, H. (2011). America as a philosophy: Implications for the development of American identity among today's youth. Applied Developmental Science, 15(2), 54-60. DOI: 10.1080/10888691.2011.560805
Jahromi, P. (2011). American identity in the USA: Youth perspectives. Applied Developmental Science, 15(2), 79-93. DOI: 10.1080/10888691.2011.560811
Benninga, J. and Quinn, B. (2011). Enhancing American identity and citizenship in schools. Applied Developmental Science, 15(2), 104-110. DOI: 10.1080/10888691.2011.560816
Malin, H. (2011). American identity development and citizenship education: A summary of perspectives and call for new research. Applied Developmental Science, 15(2), 111-116. DOI: 10.1080/10888691.2011.560817
Nikolayenko, O. (2011). American identity development and citizenship education: A summary of perspectives and call for new research. Youth & Society, 43(1) 64-89. DOI: 10.1080/10888691.2011.560817
Bundick, M. J. (2011). Extracurricular activities, positive youth development, and the role of meaningfulness of engagement. Journal of Positive Psychology, 6, 57-74. DOI: 10.1080/17439760.2010.536775
Miller, A. (2011). From Bushidō to science: A new pedagogy of sports coaching in Japan. Japan Forum, 23(3), 385-406. DOI: 10.1080/09555803.2011.597054
Quinn, B. (2011). The school as a democratic community. Applied Developmental Science, 15(2), 94-97. DOI: 10.1080/10888691.2011.560812
Tirri, K. (2011). Holistic school pedagogy and values: Finnish teachers’ and students’ perspectives. International Journal of Educational Research 50(3), 159-165. DOI:10.1016/j.ijer.2011.07.010
Koshy, S. I., & Mariano, J. M. (2011). Promoting youth purpose: A review of the literature. New Directions for Youth Development, 132, 13-29. DOI: 10.1002/yd.425
Mariano, J. M. (Issue Ed.) (2011). Support and instruction for youth purpose. New Directions for Youth Development, 132.
Mariano, J. M., Going, J., Schrock, K., & Sweeting, K. (2011). Youth purpose and the perception of social supports among African-American girls. Journal of Youth Studies, 14(8), 921-928. DOI: 10.1080/13676261.2011.609537
Tirri, K. (2010). Combining excellence and ethics: Implications for moral education for the gifted. Roeper Review, 33(1), 59–64. DOI: 10.1080/02783193.2011.530207
Bronk, K. C., Finch, W. H. and Talib, T. (2010). Purpose in life among high ability adolescents. High Ability Studies 21(2), 133-145.
Tirri, K. (2010). Motivation and giftedness. High Ability Studies 21(2), 77-80.
Nokelainen, P. and Tirri, K. (2010). Role of motivation in the moral and religious judgment of mathematically gifted adolescents. High Ability Studies, 21(2), 101-116.
Moran, S. (2010). Changing the world: Tolerance and creativity aspirations among American youth. High Ability Studies 21(2), 117-132. DOI: 10.1080/13598139.2010.525342
Tirri, K. and Quinn, B. (2010). Exploring the role of religion and spirituality in the development of purpose: Case studies of purposeful youth. British Journal of Religious Education 32(3) 201-214. DOI: 10.1080/13598139.2010.525342
Bronk, K. C. and Finch, W. H. (2010). Adolescent characteristics by type of long-term aim in life. Applied Developmental Science, 14(1), 1-10. DOI: 10.1080/10888690903510331
Miller, A. and Toivonen, T. (2010). To Discipline or Accommodate? On the Rehabilitation of Japanese ‘Problem Youth.' The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus
Miller, A. (2010). Taibatsu: 'Corporal punishment' in Japanese socio-cultural context. Japan Forum, 21: 2, 233 — 254. DOI: 10.1080/09555801003679140
Mariano, J. M., and Savage, J. (2009). Exploring the language of youth purpose: References to positive states and coping styles by adolescents with different kinds of purpose. Journal of Research in Character Education, 7(1), 1-24.
Moran, S. (2009). Purpose: Giftedness in intrapersonal intelligence. High Ability Studies, 20(2) 143-159. DOI: 10.1080/13598130903358501
Reilly, T. S. (2009). Talent, purpose, and goal orientations: Case studies of talented adolescents. High Ability Studies. 20(2) 161-172. DOI: 10.1080/13598130903358519
Tirri, K. (2009). Character education and giftedness. High Ability Studies. 20(2) 117-119. DOI: 10.1080/13598130903358469
Holm, K., Nokelainen, P. and Tirri, K. (2009). Relationship of gender and academic achievement to Finnish students’ intercultural sensitivity. High Ability Studies. 20(2) 187-200. DOI: 10.1080/13598130903358543
Yeager, D. and Bundick, M. (2009). The role of purposeful work goals in promoting meaning in life and in schoolwork during adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Research 24(4), 423-452. DOI: 10.1177/0743558409336749
Damon, W. (2009). The why question: Teachers can instill a sense of purpose. Education Next, 9(3), 84.
Hanhimäki, E. and Tirri, K. (2009). Ethically sensitive teaching in critical incidents at school. The Journal of Education for Teaching, 35(2), 107-121. DOI: 10.1080/02607470902770880
Van der Zee, T. and Tirri, K. (Eds.) (2009). Research on religious and spiritual education. Journal of Empirical Theology, 22, 1-4.
Hirsto, L. and Tirri, K. (2009). Motivational approaches to studying theology in relation to spirituality. Journal of Empirical Theology, 22, 88-102.
Bronk, K. C., Hill, P., Lapsley, D., Talib, T., and Finch, W. H. (2009). Purpose, hope, and life satisfaction in three age groups. Journal of Positive Psychology 4(6), 500-510. DOI: 10.1080/17439760903271439
Damon, W. (2008, Fall). The young and the restless. Hoover Digest: Research and Opinion on Public Policy (4), 135. (Chinese translation 2009.)
Bronk, K.C (2008). Early adolescents' conceptions of the good life and the good person. Adolescence, 43(172), 713-732.
Bronk, K.C. (2008). Humility among adolescent purpose exemplars. Journal of Research on Character Education, 6(1), 35-51.
Damon, W. (2008). The moral north star. Educational Leadership, 66, 8-12.
Damon, W. (2008). Education and the path to purpose: An open letter to the next president. Independent School, 68(1), 61-64.
Tirri, K. and Nokelainen, P. (2008). Identification of multiple intelligences with the Multiple Intelligence Profiling Questionnaire III. Psychology Science Quarterly, 50(2), 206-221.
Hanhimäki, E. and Tirri, K. (2008). The moral role and characteristics of Finnish urban school principals. Journal of Research in Character Education, 6(1), 53-65.
Tirri, K. (2008). Who should teach gifted students? Revista Espanola de pedagogia 66(240), 315-324.
Damon, W., and Mueller, B. (2006). Improving newsroom communication: Impact of a traveling curriculum for journalism education. American Editor (January-February), 22-24.
Damon, W. (2005, summertime). Personality Test: The disposition debate in teacher preparation today, and what to do about it. Fwd: Arresting Insights in Education, (September 8) 2(3) 1-6.
Damon, W., Colby, A., Bronk, K. C., and Ehrlich, T. (2005). Passion and mastery in balance: Toward good work in the professions. Daedalus: The Journal of the American Academy of the Art and Sciences, 134(3), 27-35. DOI: 10.1162/0011526054622105
Damon, W. (2004). Positiv ungdomsudvikling. Kognition and Paedagogik, 14(53), 20-34.
Damon, W. (2004). What is positive youth development? Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 591, 13-23.
Damon, W., Menon, J. L., and Bronk, K. C. (2003). The Development of purpose during adolescence. Journal of Applied Developmental Science, 7(3), 119-128. DOI: 10.1207/S1532480XADS0703_2
Damon, W. (2003). The roots of character and the role of community. Character, XI(1), 1-9.
Damon, W. (2003). The roots of character. Personal Excellence (February), 13.
Damon, W. (2002). How to succeed in business by doing the right thing. Optimize (January), 68-77.
Damon, W. (2001). The gap generation. USA Weekend (April 27-29), 7-9.
Damon, W. (2001). Character study.<